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H. H. Sheikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi is the Ruler of Fujairah. He was born on the 22 February 1949 in the emirate of Fujairah, where he completed his early education. He travelled to the United Kingdom to complete his studies in the Military Academy. He returned to the UAE in 1971 to support his father as Deputy Ruler of the emirate of Fujairah. In 1971, after the proclamation of the UAE Federation, he was named as Minister of Agriculture and Fishery.


The history of Fujairah dates back to years before the birth of Christ. Fujairah's modern history began in 1808 when Sheikh Mohammed bin Mattar, leader of the Sharqi tribe, built his castle and the old city surrounding it.

How it was named

It is said that Fujairah got its name from the word tafajur, which means the bursting of water from the ground. Fujairah is needed rich in valleys and water springs.


Fujairah is the only emirate that is located completely on the eastern coast of the UAE, along the Gulf of Oman. It is bordered by the emirates of Sharjah and Ras Al Khaimah on the west, by the Sultanate of Oman from the north and by the emirate of Sharjah from the south. The shores of Fujairah extend along the Gulf of Oman for about 70 kilometres from the city of Fujairah in the south to the town of Dibba in the far north. The total area of the emirate of Fujairah in is 1,450 square kilometres.

Nature and environment

Fujairah is distinguished with its rich and charming nature represented in the mountain ranges, valleys, waterfalls, oases, and the wide sandy beaches, in addition to, being rich with hot, cold and mineral springs. Its climate is moderate and dry and the land is ideal for farming.


Due to its strategic position, with the UAE's only access to the Indian Ocean, Fujairah has a bustling, important multipurpose port. In fact, Fujairah ranks as one of the top three bunkering locations in the world. The Fujairah Port is an important port for container liners and for the world's largest livestock shipping companies, which have set up their main holding station for sheep and cattle for the entire Arabian Peninsula here. The emirate's economy relies on trading, manufacturing, ships supply services, transport, storage and agriculture. Its GPD reached 140,93 million AED in 2014.

Major landmarks

Wadi Al Wurayah waterfalls and Ain Al Madhab Gardens are major touristic attractions in Fujairah. It also has a number of historical sites such as Al Bidya Mosque and the Heritage Village, besides beaches and hotels.


Population in Fujairah reached 202,667 according to the Statistical Yearbook of 2014. Useful links